NOVEMBER 5 2020
COURSES ON DEMAND: YEARLY
10 WEEKS – 20 HOURS IN TOTAL
Every Thursday at 20:00 – 22:00
Α1 – C2
3 – 7 students
2 to 4 hours of lessons per day depending on the number of participants
The courses are carried out through a specially designed educational platform.
Alexandria Institute organizes an online Greek philosophy cycle of 20 hours in total. The course is aimed at anyone wishing to gain insight into Greek philosophy and its basic characteristics and representatives.
This series of lectures on Greek philosophy is grouped thematically into five units featuring two lectures each, amounting to a total of ten lectures.
Firstly, students will examine the pre-philosophical period of mythology and its contribution to developing philosophical thinking. Homer, Hesiod and the hymns of Orpheus will be the object of the first lecture.
Then follow two lectures on natural philosophy of the pre-Socratics; we pore over their fundamental ideas, the way they were influenced by surrounding civilizations of the East and their attempt to rationalize myths and natural phenomena. Given the fact that the so-called pre-Socratics occupy virtually the entirety of the 6th century as well as a small part of the 5th century, four lectures have been scheduled, owing to how complex and multi-faceted their views were.
The third part of our lectures is dedicated to social philosophy, which was developed in the area surrounding Athens during the 5th century, the famous Golden Age of antiquity. This section will try to shed some light on the transition from natural philosophy to socially-centered philosophical views through the introduction of the political and the ethical aspect. Apart from Socrates, who is in essence this movement’s dominant figure, one should not overlook the Sophists, as their role in developing philosophical thinking in general cannot be left out or undermined. Moreover, we will obviously attempt to examine the works of the (allegedly) two most well-known Greek philosophers; Plato and his disciple, Aristotle.
We must not forget, however, that philosophy did not stop at Aristotle’s death; on the contrary, several philosophy schools appeared and it is those schools that we ought to include in our research project. The Cynics, the Skeptics, Epicurus and his disciples, and lastly, the Stoics cannot be neglected. No series on Greek philosophy would be consistent had its legacy been disregarded.
Hence, the final part of our discussion will focus on how Greek philosophy transformed philosophical thinking since. From the colonies established by the Roman Empire, where the Greeks’ long-lasting mark is evident (Epictetus, Hypatia from Alexandria, Plotin from Lycopolis etc.), to the philosophers immediately influenced by the lesser known philosophy schools of the Greeks (Seneca, Marcus Aurelius, Titus Lucretius Caro), and from there to the medieval world (St Augustine, Thomas Aquinas, Boethius), German Idealism (Kant, Fichte, Schelling, Hegel) and the present day. The last lecture can also be viewed as a brief recapitualtion of the whole series.
Lampros I. Papagiannis
Department of Greek Studies
Faculty of European Languages & Cultures
Guangzhou, Guangdong, China
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